The Cultural area of the Montessori classroom covers a variety of subjects. Geography, Science, Botany, Zoology, and History are included. Art and Music are also considered a part of the Cultural Area of the classroom. The Montessori cultural studies are another thing that makes the Montessori classroom different from other ones. 
Geography, Science, Botany, and Zoology are focus of the Cultural Area. Art and Music are in their own category.  History is covered in greater detail as the children progress through the elementary part of a Montessori school. Unit studies that are found in the curriculum pages, is where the Cultural breakdown for the classroom is found. Daily group lessons are based on these four main areas of the Cultural part of the classroom. The curriculum is organized into monthly unit studies and throughout the month, subjects in Geography, Botany, Zoology, and Science are discussed.
Geography – Subjects discussed in Geography are things such as; land, air, and water, maps, continents, people, food and music from other countries.
Science – Subjects discussed in science include; four seasons, the five senses, why leaves change color, layers of the earth, parts of a volcano, and biomes of the earth
Zoology – This is the area where the focus is learning about animals. The vertebrates and Invertebrates animals will be discussed.
Botany – Seeds, parts of a plant, kinds of trees, herbs and spices, and what plants give us, are some of the unit studies that are discussed in Botany